COVID-19 (Coronavirus) - What you need to know
COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus.
Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems are more likely to develop serious illness.
The best way to prevent and slow down transmission is be well informed about the COVID-19 virus, the disease it causes and how it spreads. The virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so it’s important that you also practice respiratory etiquette (for example, by coughing into a flexed elbow).
At this time, there are no specific vaccines or treatments for COVID-19. However, there are many ongoing clinical trials evaluating potential treatments. WHO will continue to provide updated information as soon as clinical findings become available.
To prevent infection and to slow transmission of the virus, do the following:
Wash your hands regularly with soap and water, or clean them with alcohol-based hand gel.
Maintain at least 1 meter distance between you and people coughing or sneezing.
Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.
Practice respiratory hygiene. Cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing.
Stay home if you feel unwell. If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early. Stay informed and follow advice given by your healthcare provider.
Refrain from smoking and other activities that weaken the lungs.
Practice physical distancing by avoiding unnecessary travel and staying away from large groups of people.
The virus affects different people in different ways. COVID-19 is a respiratory disease and most infected people will develop mild to moderate symptoms and recover without requiring special treatment. People who have underlying medical conditions and those over 60 years old have a higher risk of developing severe disease and death.
Common symptoms include:
Other symptoms include:
shortness of breath
aches and pains
and very few people will report diarrhea, nausea or a runny nose
People with mild symptoms who are otherwise healthy should self-isolate and contact their medical provider. People with fever, cough or difficulty breathing should call their doctor and seek medical attention.
Based on information of WHO (World Health Organization) - www.who.int/COVID-19